Historical Places in Delhi – There is no doubt the beautiful city has rich cultural and historical significance. The city was the important centre for political activities from the Mughal era to British rule. So there are many architectural wonders left behind by various ruler of Mughal sultanate. Further, there are many historical places in Delhi including some UNESCO World Heritage site.
Due to all these architectural wonders, Delhi is an important tourist destination in India for all history buffs. Heritage monuments of Delhi give you a glimpse of its rich past and culture. So below here is the list of top historical places and Mughal monuments in Delhi which you really like to explore.
Top 11 Most Popular Heritage Monuments & Historical Places in Delhi –
1. India Gate –
Located alongside the Rajpath in Delhi, India Gate is a war memorial 82000 Indian and British soldiers who lost their lives during the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. The imposing structure built around 1921 and designed by the famous British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens. Further, this 42 meters tall structure often compared to the Gateway of India in Mumbai due to similar design.
Today, the heritage monument listed as one of the famous historical places in Delhi due to its astonishing architecture. There is also another structure known as Amar Jawan Jyoti under the beneath of India Gate. This famous structure built in the year 1971 in the memory of our brave soldiers who lost their lives in the Indo-Pak war. Apart from its historical significance, the place serves as a popular picnic spot in Delhi for families and couples.
2. Red Fort –
Red Fort is famously known for its impressive architectural style and massive size. The magnificent structure built around 1648 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan when he shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. Made up of using red sandstone, it is an excellent piece of architecture from the time of Mughal era. In addition, the fort served as an important political centre during the time of Mughal rule in India. Today, it is one of the most famous heritage monuments in Delhi and frequently visited by thousands of traveller every day.
The fort also houses museums, gardens, Mahal, imperial apartments and public hall. Due to its high historical significance, the fort declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 2007. Currently, managed by Archaeological Survey of India, Red Fort is a must visit place in Delhi for all history buffs.
3. Humayun’s Tomb –
Built between 1569-1570 by Bega Begum, Humayun’s Tomb was the final resting place of the Mughal Emperor Humayun. Today, Humayan’s Tomb is one of the most visited historical places in Delhi due to the splendid piece of architecture from the time of the Mughal Empire in India. Further, the architectural design of this monument displays a perfect blend of Persian and Indian style of architecture. Surrounded by well-maintained lush green gardens and a small water pond the beauty of this tomb leaves you mesmerized.
In addition, the monument has been declared as a UNESCO’s World Heritage List in the year 1993 due to its magnificent design and illustrious history. At last, if you want to take the glimpse of Mughal architecture in India then it will be a perfect place in the list of all Delhi historical places.
4. Qutub Minar –
Qutub Minar is the tallest individual tower in the world having a height of 73 m above ground level. Located in Mehrauli, this world-famous heritage monument constructed around 1192 by Qutb Ud-Din-Aibak who was the founder of Delhi Sultanate. From over a period of time, Qutub Minar has the same glory which it has in the ancient time. Made of using red sandstone, it is another popular heritage monument of Delhi which glorifying its rich past and Mughal history in India. Further, there are several other structures within the Qutub Minar complex like Iron Pillar and Alai Darwaza. Overall, it is a perfect sight to behold in Delhi for all kind of travellers like history buffs, picnickers and couples.
5. Hauz Khas Village –
Hauz Khas Village is one of the most happening historical places in Delhi and derives its name from the Royal Water Tank built during the reign of Allauddin Khilji. Further, the village was one of the major seven cities of Delhi during the rule of Allauddin Khilji. Today, there are many historical monuments in Hauz Khas village including Hauz Khas Fort, Munda Gumbad, Sultan Ghari etc.
The Hauz Khas Fort was built by Alauddin Khilji in 1284 and today it is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Delhi. Besides that, the present-day Hauz Khas Village is a party lovers destination and known for its electric nightlife. There are many popular cafes, restaurants, bars and pubs in Hauz Khas village which makes it most sought after destination in Delhi.
6. Mehrauli Archaeological Park –
Mehrauli Archaeological Park is a group of heritage monuments and historical ruins that dates to the 10th century AD. The ancient town gives you a glimpse of starting days of the Mughal era in India and their excellent craftsmanship skills through these monuments. Located at a few steps away from Qutub complex, the Archaeological Park spread over an area of 200 acres. At present, the park is home to around 100 scattered monuments including Jamali-Kamali mosque, Mohammed Quli Khan tomb, Balban’s tomb, Rajon ki baoli etc. Overall we can say that it is one of the top-rated locations in the list of historical places to visit in Delhi.
7. Agrasen Ki Baoli –
The list of historical places in Delhi would be incomplete without mentioning Agrasen Ki Baoli due to its rich historical and architectural importance. The ancient stepwell built around the 14th century by Raja Agrasen and it consists of 3 levels and 103 steps. This 15 m wide and 60 m long stepwell famous for its impressive architectural design thus attracts every kind of art lovers.
Further, the stepwell considered the most haunted place in Delhi due to the various visitors claimed to feel a strange presence here. Apart from that, the place often visited by youngsters as it is an ideal location for photography and to hang out with friends.
8. Purana Qila –
Purana Qila or Old Fort is one of the most captivating heritage monuments in Delhi and it is said to be built by Sher Shah Suri around 1534 century. Located on the bank of river Yamuna, the fort spread over an area of 1.5 km. Further, the fort is famous for its sterling architecture and considered one of the favourite Mughal structures in India. The fort surrounded by lush green beautiful lawns and a picturesque small lake which makes it one of the most preferred weekend destinations in Delhi. In addition, the fort well connected to river Yamuna so visitors can also enjoy boating experience here. The most important thing is that the visitors can also enjoy light and sound show that takes place here in the evening.
9. Jama Masjid –
Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India and also an impressive Mughal structure built by Shah Jahan after the famous Taj Mahal and Red Fort. The mosque constructed between 1650-1656 by five thousand skilled workers with a cost of around 1 million rupees. Today, the mosque listed as one of the famous historical places in Delhi as well as an important pilgrimage destination in India for Muslim followers. This magnificent monument made up of using red sandstone and white marble.
Also popular for its brilliant architecture design, the place attracts lots of history buffs in a single day. The monument has 3 majestic gates, 4 towers and 2 minarets. In addition, the mosque has a capacity of 25000 devotees at the same time. Away from that, it is an important venue for all Muslims festivals in India like Eid, Muharram, Ramzan etc.
10. Jantar Mantar –
Located in Connaught Circle of New Delhi, Jantar Mantar is one of the 5 observatories in India which helps to predict the movement and timings of the sun, moon and planets. The ancient structure built by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in the year 1724. Today, Jantar Mantar is a must-visit historical monument in Delhi for those who want to gain some important knowledge about space. At present, the observatory consists of 13 instruments and 3 major individual structures namely Samrat Yantra, Ram Yantra and Jayprakash Yantra. So along with historical significance, it is an important learning centre for children and students.
11. Safdarjung Tomb –
Located in the heart of the city, Safdarjung Tomb is one of the famous mausoleum architectures in Delhi. The mausoleum built by Shuja-Ud-Daula in 1754 during the reign of Mughal Emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur. Further, the elegant artwork and beautiful carving of this monument display a perfect blend of Mughal architecture. Made up of marble and sandstone, it still stands as a proof of architectural testimony of that time. Today, the monument has an important significance in the list of historical places in Delhi. One can also visit several pavilions, a madrasa and a library within the Safdarjung Tomb complex.
So these are the most famous historical places & monuments in Delhi that you should visit at least once. All the above mention Delhi monuments gives you a glimpse of its rich past and heritage. Due to all these monuments, the city serves as a famous destination in India for all history lovers.