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Historical Places in India – India is a land of rich heritage and culture influenced by different rulers and empires. The beautiful country blessed with heritage buildings, temples, forts and palaces that speaks about the rich past of entire India. Some of the famous historical monuments in India are also listed as UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Further, these historical sites have great archaeological significance thus it is a prime tourist destination for history buffs. Here we also provide a list of popular forts and palaces in India that still stand as a proof of architectural brilliance of ancient times. So here is the list of some best historical places in India with detailed information.
Top 15 Best Monuments & Historical Places in India To Explore Rich Heritage & Culture –
1. Taj Mahal, Agra –
Located on the bank of holy river Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh, Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful historical monuments in India as well as in the entire World. Built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan after the death of his beloved wife Mumtaz. This famous monument also included in the list of seven wonders of World due to its cultural importance. Made up of white marble, it took around 22 years to complete with an effort of 10000 workers. Famous for its unique and incredible architectural style, it is also listed as a World Heritage Site recognised by UNESCO. It is also believed that Shah Jahan cut off the hands of workers so they can’t build a similar monument like Taj Mahal. Undoubtedly, it is one of the famous historical places in India that every tourist has to visit at least once.
2. Qutub Minar, Delhi –
Situated in the heart of Delhi, Qutub Minar is the tallest individual tower in the world and the 2nd tallest Minar in India. Built during the Muslim rule in India, it is the finest examples of Indo-Muslim architecture. Further, the construction of this site completed by various Muslim rulers namely Qutb Ud-Din-Aibak, Iltutmush and Firoz Shah Tughlak. It is also home to several other historical monuments such as Tomb of Iltutmish, Iron pillar of Delhi and Alai Minar. Nowadays, it becomes a popular picnic spot for Delhiites as well as tourist. Being a famous historical site in India, it also has a position in the list of World Heritage site. Every year, the Prime Minister of India gives his Independence Day speech from Red Fort and also unfurls the national flag.
3. Red Fort, Delhi –
Red Fort is one of the most significant historical tourist places in India which was the residence of Mughal Emperor. Constructed by Shah Jahan between the year of 1638 to 1648, as a result, he shifted the Capital from Agra to Delhi in the year 1939. Located in the middle of Delhi, it houses a number of museums and hence the fort has high historical importance. Currently managed by the Archaeological Survey of India, it is one of the most beautiful historical places in India. It also got a title of World Heritage Site in the year 2007.
4. Gateway of India, Mumbai –
The Gateway of India was the entry and exit point during the rule of Britishers hence the monument has great historical significance in the history of India. Overlooking the Arabian sea, this famous monument lies in the Colaba region of Mumbai. The construction of this site undertaken by the famous architect George Wittet who comes to visit Mumbai with King George V and Queen Mary in the year 1911. Further, the site completed in the year 1924 after a 13 years long period. The design of this famous monument influenced by Indian, Arabic and Western style of architecture. Later two beautiful statue of Chhatrapati Shivaji and Swami Vivekananda are also installed at the Gateway of India. Besides that, it is a perfect location for Photography, picnic and boating. So all the above mention characteristic makes it one of the famous historical monuments in India for every one point of view.
5. Mysore Palace, Mysore –
As we earlier mention India is very well known for its ancient forts, historical buildings and magnificent palace and among all these Mysore Palace is true justification for these statements. This magnificent palace is a perfect blend of Indo – Saracenic style of architecture that gives a glimpse of excellent craftsmanship of ancient times. Popularly known as the Amba Vilas Palace, it was the royal residence of Wodeyur King and his family. Now the palace converted into a beautiful museum which displays royal pictures, clothing and artefacts of the Wodeyar dynasty. Further, the interior and exterior design of this palace is a perfect amalgamation of Hindu, Rajput and Mughal styles that makes it one of the best heritage palaces in India. Apart from that, it is an important site for the various light & sound show including Dussehra celebrations.
6. Amer Fort, Jaipur –
Located in the pink city of Jaipur in the Indian state of Rajasthan, Amer Fort is one of the most magnificent forts in India. Situated on a hilltop called Cheel ka Teela, it is a great site to explore the rich cultural past of Rajasthan. Built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1592, it is famous for its yellow and pink sandstone architectural design. The extensive complex of this historical monument contains various other attraction like Diwan-i-Khaas, Diwan-i-aam and Sheesh Mahal. Further, the entire fort safeguarded by the Maota Lake which increases the beauty of this place. According to a rough estimate, the fort visited by around five thousand tourists every day hence it is the most visited tourist place in Jaipur as well as in Rajasthan. Also listed as a World Heritage Site, this famous monument considered to be one of the best historical places in India.
7. Hawa Mahal, Jaipur –
Hawa Mahal or the ‘Palace of Winds’ is another famous place in the list of historical monuments in India. It is a five-story palace which was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1799 for the women’s of royal families. Made up of pink and red sandstone, the palace has around 950 intricate windows that kept it comfortable during the hot summer months. Further, the shape of this historical monument looks like a crown of Lord Krishna that gives it a gorgeous look. From the top point of the palace, one can also get the magnificent view of City Palace, Jantar Mantar and Siredeori Bazar. There is also a small museum inside the Hawa Mahal that has an extensive collection of rich relics and miniature paintings. So, undoubtedly it is the biggest tourist attraction in Jaipur as well as in entire Rajasthan state.
8. Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Aurangabad –
Located in the Indian state of Maharashtra, Ajanta and Ellora Caves famous for its authentic rock-cut sculptures and ancient Indian art. The mysteries behind these rock-cut paintings will leave you awestruck. There are around 29 caves in Ajanta and about 34 caves at Ellora that dates back to 2nd century BC and 11th Century AD. Further, these paintings are a mix of Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain religions. Most of these caves are Buddhist monasteries and monk that were used for praying and studying in ancient times. Famous for its renowned extraordinary architecture, these caves considered to be the best archaeological sites in India and frequently visited by lots of history buffs. Due to its high historical significance, the place also listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites and it attracts travellers from all over the world.
9. Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh –
Located in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh, Khajuraho is a group of historical monuments which has a unique significance in the list of historical places in India. These stunning temples are famous for their erotic sculptures and sensuous carvings. Built between 950 and 1050 AD by the rulers of Chandela dynasty, Khajuraho temples still stand as a proof of brilliant example of Indian architecture. Further, 10 per cent of the sculptures are sensual and the rest of all common depictions that shows an unbelievable creation of artistic sense. The site is a perfect amalgamation of Hinduism and Jainism religion and one of the fine example of architectural excellence in the country.
10. Hampi, Karnataka –
This World famous heritage site located in the northern region of Karnataka that attracts thousands of visitors every year. Hampi was once the Capital of Vijayanagar which is considered to be the greatest Hindu empires in India’s history. This famous historical site dotted with around 500 ancient monuments that include beautiful temples, bustling street markets, bastions, treasury building, chariot structures, gopurams and ornate halls. Dates back to 1500 AD, it was the second largest city in the World during its prime time. Hampi was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1986 due to its high archaeological and historical value. Now the site is one of the famous historical places in South India.
11. Konark Sun Temple, Odisha –
Situated on the coast of Bay of Bengal in the Indian state of Odisha, Konark Temple is the grandest Sun Temple in India. Famous for its gigantic chariot shape, it is one of the prime tourist attraction in Odisha. Built by the ruler of Ganga dynasty – King Narasimhadeva I around the 13th century, it has the most exquisite ancient architecture style that makes it one of the famous historical places in India for all religions as well as history lovers. The main key attraction of this temple is 12 pairs of wheels chariot pulled by seven horses. Further, the entrance of this temple has to show a beautiful sculpture of two lions with huge idols of an elephant that crushing a human body by foot. A famous Konark Dance Festival also celebrated here in the month of February every year that attracts lots of foreign and Indian tourists.
12. Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur –
Built by Rao Jodha in 1459, Mehrangarh Fort is one of the biggest forts in India. Nestled on a hill above 410 feet from the sea level, the entire fort guarded by massive walls. Made up of red sandstone, the beauty of this fort is simply amazing. Further, the fort has seven entrances namely Victory Gate, Fateh Gate, Gopal Gate, Bhairon Gate, Dedh Kamgra Gate, Marti Gate and Loha Gate. However, each gate built at different times with a unique purpose or motive. There is also a Rose palace and a Glass Palace within the fort complex which is the two main key attractions here. The famous fort also appeared in many Hollywood and Bollywood films such as The Lion King, The Dark Knight Rises and Thugs of Hindostan. A small museum also located inside the Mehrangarh Fort which has six different galleries.
13. Mahabalipuram Monuments, Tamil Nadu –
Located alongside the Bay of Bengal in the state of Tamil Nadu, Mahabalipuram is another famous site in the list of historical monuments in India. This famous group of monuments famous for its intricately carved temples and rock-cut caves. Built by the Pallava kings all these monuments date back to 7th and 8th centuries AD that displays magnificent architecture of Pallava art. Some of the famous stone carving that you can see here like Descent of the Ganges, Arjuna’s Penance, Cave temples and shore temple. Besides that, few of the monument also listed as a World Heritage Site that still attracts lots of visitors in this region.
14. Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar –
Jallianwala Bagh has great historical importance from the time of the freedom struggle of India. Spread over 6.5 acres of land, the site associated with the massacre of peaceful celebrators by the British forces. Further, the site has saddest memories in Indian History as the thousands of innocent people were killed on the orders of General Dyer who gathered here for Baisakhi celebration. This brutal incident happened on 13th April 1919 and according to the Official records around 400 people were killed and another 1,200 injured. One can also see the sign of Gun bullet on the wall of Jallianwala Bagh till today. Later in the year 1961, a massacre memorial inaugurated here by Dr Rajendra Prasad.
15. City Palace, Udaipur –
Located on the bank of Lake Pichola, City Palace is one the largest royal Places in India. Built by Maharana Uday Singh in the year 1559, it took around 400 years to complete. The magnificent palace reflects the excellent Rajput architectural style in forms of Mahals, courtyards, pavilions, corridors, terraces, rooms and hanging gardens. Further, the interior design of this palace also influenced by European as well as Chinese architecture. Apart from that, it is a prime location for the movie shooting due to its regal beauty. The palace also appeared in several movies such as Guide and Octopussy.
So that’s all about historical places to visit in India with brief information. All these historical sites have their own significance and role in the history of India. Further, by visiting these sites, you can also get a chance to explore the rich heritage and culture of India.