Historical Places in Kolkata – West Bengal is a land of rich culture and heritage due to the presence of many architectural wonders. The beautiful state has a rich cultural heritage from the time of British colonial rule in India. Further, there are many historical monuments in West Bengal that still stands as proof of its artistic harmony.
Among all historical places in West Bengal, Kolkata has its own importance. The city was former British Capital of India during the rule of East India Company. Today, it is home to several architectural grandeur to witness its old-age charm of the British era. So here are some famous historical places in Kolkata that makes it a great place for history buffs.
Top 9 Famous Historical Places in Kolkata, West Bengal For All History Buffs –
1. Victoria Memorial –
Victoria Memorial spread over an area of 64 acres and surrounded by well-maintained lush green gardens. The magnificent structure established in the year 1921 in the memory of Queen Victoria to celebrate her 25 years of rule over India. Further, the memorial is almost a replica of the Victoria Memorial in London and famous for its excellent architectural style. The intricate carving of this memorial is a perfect blend of British and Mughal style of architecture.
Today, it is converted into the finest museum and it houses around 25 different art galleries. These art galleries having a collection of 28,390 artefacts and 3900 artistic paintings. So it is known to be one of the famous historical places in Kolkata and also listed as one of the popular heritage monuments in West Bengal.
2. Indian Museum –
Recognised as one of the largest museums in India, Indian Museum Kolkata is another famous historical place in West Bengal. The museum was established in the year 1814 by Asiatic Society of Kolkata. Further, it houses a great collection of ornaments, fossils, skeletons, antiques, armours, contemporary paintings and sacred relics of Buddha. For having a wide range of artefacts the museum gives you a glimpse of the diverse culture and heritage of India.
In addition, the main key attraction of this museum is 4000 years old Egyptian mummy. Today, the museum has 35 galleries which are categorized into six different sections namely Art, Archaeology, Anthropology, Geology, Zoology and Economic Botany. Overall, a remarkable spot to behold for all history buffs in Kolkata that takes back to you in time of fascinating past.
3. Howrah Bridge –
Howrah Bridge is an iconic landmark in the City of Joy which was commissioned in the year 1943 during the British rule. Built over the Hooghly river, it is a fine example of architectural brilliance. This massive bridge made up of using steel and has a total length of 1500 feet along with a width of 71 feet. Further, the busiest bridge carries a daily traffic of over 100,000 vehicles and around 15000 pedestrians. Apart from that, it serves as an important tourist destination in Kolkata due to its picture-perfect setting. So the list of historical places in Kolkata deemed to be incomplete without visiting Howrah Bridge.
4. Marble Palace –
Built-in the year 1835 by Rajendra Mallick, Marble Palace is a famous heritage monument in Kolkata. Made up of using white marble, the palace has a great collection of paintings and sculptures of various international artist like Reuben, Murillo, Van Gogh and Rembrandt. Besides that, the magnificent palace also has a beautiful garden, a pristine lake, a small pool and a Zoo. So with all these things together, the palace attracts every tourist attention especially history buffs and art lovers.
5. Belur Math –
Located on the west bank of river Hooghly, Belur Math is a popular pilgrimage site in Kolkata and has hight historical importance. The place said to be the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission. Further, the temple is noted for its excellent architecture that integrates Hindu, Islamic, Buddhist, and Christian motifs. Established by Swami Vivekananda, it spans over an area of 40 acres and today regarded as one of the famous historical places in Kolkata.
6. Fort William –
Famous for its iconic structure, William Fort renowned as one of the famous Heritage monuments in Kolkata from the time of British colonial rule. Located on the eastern bank of river Hooghly, the magnificent fort covers an area of 70 acres. Built-in the year 1696, the fort gets in named after King William III. Further, this octagonal-shaped structure embellished with hundreds of arched windows and adorned with intricate stonework. Today, the fort serves as an Army headquarter for the Eastern Command of Indian Army and has accommodation capacity of 10,000 army personnel.
7. St. Paul’s Cathedral –
Located in the heart of the city, St. Paul’s Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral and its runs under CNI – Church of North India. The Indo-Gothic architectural style of this Church will take you the time of Colonial British rule. Further, the intricate carving with a huge nave, majestic altar and chancel will give a remittance of architectural excellence of those times.
The construction of this site completed in the year 1847 and today it is an important religious centre for the Christian community in Kolkata. During the time of Christmas, it attracts thousands of visitors due to festivities. In conclusion, for having impeccable architecture the church also listed as one of the famous historical places in Kolkata.
8. Tagore’s House –
Also known as Jorasanko Thakur Bari, it is an ancestral home of Indian great literary legend, Rabindranath Tagore. Today, the place converted into a museum and it houses around 700 paintings related to Rabindranath Tagore. Further, the museum has three different galleries having a rich collection of manuscripts, books and other antique items. Built-in the year 1784, the place is where Tagore was born and spent most of the part of his life here. In addition, it is an excellent place for those who are desirable to explore Bengali literature and the life of Tagore.
9. Dakshineswar Kali Temple –
Dakshineswar Kali Temple has religious as well as the historical significance that’s why we mentioned it in the list of historical places in Kolkata. The temple said to be founded by Rani Rashmoni around 1847 AD. Further, the devotees strongly believe that the Goddess Kali helm them to attain salvation if you wish here with a true heart. In addition, the architectural pattern of this temple showing a unique blend of West Bengal architecture making it a place of interest for all history buffs.
So that’s all about famous historical places to visit in Kolkata, West Bengal making it a perfect destination for all history buffs. Home to many architectural wonders the place gives you a glimpse of the cultural heritage of West Bengal.