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History of Leaning Tower of Pisa – Tower construction began in the 12th century and was completed at the end of the 14th century. Pisa Tower was intended to build as a freestanding bell tower for the cathedral in Pisa. Widow lady Donna Berta di Bernardo has been credited for the foundation of Pisa Tower because the first stones used to form the base of the Tower were purchased from her money which she left to the Opera Campanilis petroleum Sancte Marie in 1172. Gherardo di Gherardo, Bonanno Pisano, Giovanni Pisano, Giovanni di Simone are the architects and engineers who designed the leaning Tower of Pisa Bonanno Pisano and Gherardo di Gherardo are the architects who constructed the first phase of Pisa Tower and the second phase was continued by Giovanni Pisano and Giovanni di Simone. Tommaso Pisano finished the tower’s construction.
Know Some Interesting Facts About Leaning Tower of Pisa –
It is the third oldest building in the city's Piazza del Duomo after the cathedral and the Baptistery. The original completed height of the Tower of Pisa is 60 meters but due to lean the height of the tower from the low side is 55.86 meters (183.27 ft) and 56.67 meters (185.93 ft) is on the high side. First, it began to lean in 1178 when construction on the 2nd floor had begun. Leaning Tower of Pisa is a circular shaped building with eight floors. There are 7 bells located on the eighth floor and each bell represents one note of the musical major scale.
Leaning Tower of Pisa has approximately 294 steps on the north side and 296 steps on the south side. Leaning Tower of Pisa became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 along with the cathedral, cemetery and the baptistery. Due to Collapsed of Civic Tower of Pavia in 1989, the restoration work for the Leaning Tower of Pisa was sped up. The risk of collapse was seen to be too much of a danger to the public and it was decided to make the leaning tower of Pisa stronger and stable by removing dirt from the base of the tower and fill it with mortar and cement.
In 1990 before restoration work, Pisa Tower leaned as much as 5.5 degrees and it is thought that the restoration work will keep the Leaning Tower of Pisa stand for the next 300 years. From the year 1989 to 2000 The tower was closed to the public domain for restoration work and finally, from 2001 the tower has been opened again to the public. Italian Astronomer, Galileo Galilei had performed his experiments to study the equations for a falling body from the top floor of the Pisa Tower.
How To Visit or Get Ticket of Leaning Tower of Pisa –
During World War II, it was used by Germans as an observation post and once the Allies saw how beautiful the tower was they refrained from destroying it. According to engineers in 2008, the Tower had stopped moving. This is the first time in the history of Pisa Tower that it has not been slowly leaning further to one side. If you are in Italy then do travel Pisa and visit this incredible architecture. Book Ticket in advance via an online website and free your self from standing in long queues. You can also book Tour Guide which also includes a tour to cathedral, cemetery and the baptistery.