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National Parks in Rajasthan – Rajasthan is very well-known for its vibrant culture and rich heritage. Along with the historical significance, the place has a unique flora and fauna as compared to other states in India. Due to its geographic and topographic condition, National Parks in Rajasthan is very unique as they show the natural diversity. These kinds of bio-diversity can be only found in the Deseret.
The place has unmatchable bio-diversity on each step and you can also see big difference or variation in the land. Apart from that, there are many wildlife sanctuaries and National parks in Rajasthan to feel a unique wildlife experience. So check below-mention wildlife reserve and parks in Rajasthan with detailed information and explore the unique flora and fauna.
Top 5 Famous Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks in Rajasthan –
1. Ranthambore National Park –
Considered as one of the largest national parks in north India, Ranthambore National Park is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lover. Spread an area of 390 sq km, it is home to a large variety of flora and fauna. It was established as Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 and later it comes under the Project Tiger scheme in 1973. After a few years, it declared as the National Park in 1981.
The park is famous for its Royal Bengal Tigers that are only a few left in India. Apart from wildlife animals, there is about 360 species of resident and migratory birds here. Some of the famous wildlife species that you can spot here like chitals, sloth bears, hyenas, sambars, wild boars, nilgai, leopards and tigers. Further, you can find a large variety of trees, plants and reptiles at this park. One can also take a Jeep Safari to explore this beautiful location from the closet. Moreover, Ranthambore National Park is among one of the best National Parks in Rajasthan that you have to must visit.
2. Keoladeo Ghana National Park –
Keoladeo Ghana National Park is also known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary and one of the largest bird watcher paradise in Rajasthan. Spread an area of 29 sq km, the sanctuary is about 250 years old. The bird sanctuary is a man-made wetland, where you can witness an ample amount of avian migration. It is home to more than 370 species of birds and animals. Some of the famous bird species here Indian Courser, Pelicans, Geese, Ducks, Eagles, Hawks, Shanks, Stints, Wagtails, Warblers, Sarus Cranes and Snipe darters. The bird sanctuary actually came into existence in 1971 and later declared as a National Park in 1981. Being one of the famous national parks in Rajasthan, the tourist comes here from all across the world. Undoubtedly, a perfect place for bird watching and wildlife photography too. It is also a part of the World Heritage site recognised by UNESCO in 1985.
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3. Sariska National Park & Tiger Reserve –
Located in Alwar district of Rajasthan, Sariska National Park is another famous wildlife reserve in Rajasthan. It was used as a hunting ground by the Maharaja of Alwar and now also a part of Tiger Reserve under ‘Project Tiger’ in 1978. The park spread an area of 850 sq km and it has arid forests, rocky landscapes, tropical forest, grasslands, dry deciduous forests, rocks and hilly cliffs. Further, the park is very famous for having Royal Bengal Tiger that relocates here from Ranthambore under ‘Tiger Project’ scheme.
Further, it is home to a large number of wildlife animals like Hanuman langurs, hares, wild boars, chousingha or the four-horned antelope, chinkara, nilgai, sambhar and golden jackals. It is also a habitat of some beautiful bird species like crested serpent eagle, golden backed woodpecker, tree pie, sand grouse, bush quail, grey partridge etc. In 1982, Sariska Wildlife Reserve declared as a National Park, which is one of the best national parks in Rajasthan that attract a large number of tourist every year. Along with wildlife experience, one can also explore some historical sites here like Kankanwadi Fort, Hanuman Temple and Pandupol Hills.
4. Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary –
Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary located at a distance of 65 km from Udaipur and it lies in Rajsamand district of Rajasthan. Spread an area of 578 sq km, it stretches across the Aravalli range, hence contains a large variety of flora and fauna. The sanctuary surrounded by Kumbhalgarh Fort, thereafter its named so. Originally it was a royal hunting ground and later in 1971, it declared as a wildlife sanctuary. The sanctuary boasts some rare species of wild animals like chinkaras, four horned antelopes, nilgai, sambhar, jungle cats, hyenas, sloth bears, leopards and hares.
Apart from that, you can find almost 200 birds species here including grey jungle fowl, peacocks, doves, white-breasted kingfisher, bulbuls, pigeons, golden oriole and parakeets. With endless natural beauty and scenic atmosphere, it also offers some adventure activity such as Jeep Safari, Horse-ride Safari and trekking. A beautiful river Banas also flow through this Sanctuary, which is the main source of water. Overall, it has a large variety of flora and fauna that makes it one of the best Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan.
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5. Desert National Park –
Desert National Park is one of the largest and famous National Parks in Rajasthan. It is located near the town of Jaisalmer and spread an area of 3162 sq km in the Thar desert of Rajasthan. It is also a protected sanctuary and a perfect example of the desert ecosystem along with its diverse fauna. Further, 20 per cent of the park is constituted of sand dunes and the rest of part comprises of fixed dunes, intermedial areas, salt lake bottoms and craggy rocks.
The flora and fauna species of the desert national park is very different from all other wildlife sanctuaries in India. Some of the famous floral species here like Ronj, Khair, Rohira, Dhok, Khejri, Palm trees, Ber, Aak shrub and Sewan grass. On the other hands, the park also boasts some rare species of birds, mammals and reptiles. Further, to get a memorable experience from this site plan your trip to visit Desert National Park in between the month of November to January. One can also explore nearby tourist attraction around the park like Sam Sand Dune, Gadsisar Sagar Tank and Akal Wood Fossil Park.
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So these are some famous wildlife Sanctuaries in Rajasthan along with a list of top National Parks in Rajasthan. Wildlife reserve in Rajasthan famous for its unique flora and fauna if we compared them to other wildlife sanctuaries in the Country. So have a great holiday vacation in Rajasthan by exploring all the above-mention wildlife reserve sites.